Endometriosis – Symptoms & Treatment

Woman Suffering From Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus, known as the endometrium, grows outside of it. It can be incredibly painful for women who experience it, but fortunately, there are plenty of ways to diagnose and manage endometriosis. Read on to find out more.


As of yet, no one knows exactly what causes endometriosis. It is likely a combination of both genetic factors and environmental triggers. Some mothers with endometriosis may pass it down to their daughters through the genes they share, while others won’t get the disease even though they have an affected mother or sister. Still, there are many theories about how endometriosis develops in women.

One theory suggests that some people may be genetically predisposed to developing endometriosis because they were born with mutant cells. These are cells that do not behave as normal cells do. The immune system would usually destroy these mutant cells, but for some reason, it doesn’t work properly in individuals with this condition and allows abnormal uterine tissue (endometrial lesions) to grow outside the uterus instead of where it belongs – in the lining of your womb.

Another theory suggests that exposure to certain chemicals could cause abnormal uterine tissue growth at any time during a woman’s life. These chemicals include dioxins and PCBs, which are found in pesticides used on crops grown around the world, but this is still speculation.


The symptoms of endometriosis can be very uncomfortable. These are:

  • Pain during or after sex
  • Pain during bowel movements, especially if you have to strain
  • Abdominal tenderness, and a painful area in your belly that may be sensitive to the touch
  • Fatigue that stops you from doing your normal activities


To diagnose endometriosis, your doctor will perform a pelvic examination. During this, they will look for signs of endometriosis in your abdomen and back. The area around the ovaries and uterus may be sensitive or painful to touch if you have endometriosis.

In addition to a physical exam, diagnostic tests are often needed to confirm endometriosis. This may include a laparoscopy, which allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen and pelvis – they do this using a thin tube called a laparoscope, which has a camera attached to it. This helps to identify cysts or scars on your organs caused by endometriosis as well as remove any tissue samples that might need further testing in order for doctors to make an accurate diagnosis.


Treatment for endometriosis will be based on your specific symptoms, the severity of your condition and your desire to have children. Your treatment plan may include:

  • Medical treatment, used to relieve pain and improve quality of life. Options include oral contraceptives like birth control tablets or other pills that can lessen the extent of menstrual bleeding.
  • Surgery may be recommended if you experience severe pain during menstruation or sex, or if you have a large endometrioma or amount of tissue that can’t be removed through medication or aspiration.

In conclusion, although difficult to live with, endometriosis doesn’t have to lessen your quality of life. For more information, visit our website here.